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Essentials of Physical Anthropology (with InfoTrac) (Available Titles CengageNOW) by Robert Jurmain (2005-04-06)

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    Available in PDF - DJVU Format | Essentials of Physical Anthropology (with InfoTrac) (Available Titles CengageNOW) by Robert Jurmain (2005-04-06).pdf | Language: UNKNOWN
    Robert Jurmain;Lynn Kilgore;Wenda Trevathan(Author)

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  • By Marc Verhaegen on July 18, 2015

    Very extensive and complete book on primate and human evolution, richly illustrated, but like many textbooks on human evolution, it uncritically follows the popular, but illogical and now outdated view that quadrupedal apes evolved into bipedal humans by leaving the African forests for the plains (although primates that go from the forest to the plain typically become less vertical, the so-called "baboon paradox"). It takes for granted a lot of unproven assumptions: that australopithecines are human ancestors to the exclusion of chimps, bonobos and gorillas; that chimps, bonobos and gorillas could not have had more bipedal ancestors; that Pleistocene human ancestors ran over open African plains (sweating water + salt = scarce on savannas); that our ancestors became bipedal by leaving the African forests for the plains; etc.This book about human evolution does not mention once that non only the forests and the plains, but also the water shaped ape and human evolution:a) Australopithecines and apes: Virtually all australopithecines have been found in wetlands at the time (swamp forests, lagoons, papyrus swamps etc., e.g. Reed 1997), where they - not unlike today's lowland gorillas wading in forest bais for aquatic herbaceous vegetation (AHV, google e.g. Ndoki gorilla) but more frequently - waded upright for sedges, frogbit, floating vegetation and hard-shelled invertebrates, and also climbed arms overhead in the branches above the swamp (google e.g. aquarboreal). Pan and Gorilla knuckle-walking evolved in parallel during the cooling and drying Pleistocene from such bipedally wading ancestors, and all African apes still regularly or occasionally wade on two legs in forest swamps in search for shallow aquatic and surface foods such as waterlilies or sedges.b) Pleistocene Homo: During the last two million years, archaic Homo dispersed intercontinentally, not running over dry open plains as popular accounts of human evolution still assume just so, but following the African and Eurasian coasts and rivers, beach-combing, diving and wading bipedally for littoral, shallow aquatic and waterside shellfish (which had to be opened with stone tools) and other foods rich in brain-specific nutrients (google e.g. researchGate marc verhaegen).This "littoral dispersal model" (Munro 2010) is corroborated by a lot of recent papers, e.g.-J.Joordens, S.Munro cs 2014 Homo erectus at Trinil on Java used shells for tool production and engraving, Nature doi 10.1038/nature13962,-M.Verhaegen, S.Munro 2011 Pachyosteosclerosis suggests archaic Homo frequently collected sessile littoral foods, HOMO J.compar.hum.Biol. 62:237-247,-K.Reed 1997 Early hominid evolution and ecological change through the African Plio-Pleistocene, JHE 32:289-322,-S.Munro 2010 Molluscs as ecological indicators in palaeoanthropological contexts, PhD thesis Univ.Canberra,-J.Joordens cs 2009 Relevance of aquatic environments for hominins: a case study from Trinil (Java, Indonesia), J.hum.Evol. 57:656-671,-M.Gutierrez cs 2001 Exploitation d’un grand cétacé au Paléolithique ancien: le site de Dungo V à Baia Farta (Benguela, Angola), CRAS 332:357-362,-K.Choi, D.Driwantoro 2007 Shell tool use by early members of Homo erectus in Sangiran, central Java, Indonesia: cut mark evidence, J.archaeol.Sci. 34:48-58,-S.Cunnane 2005 Survival of the fattest: the key to human brain evolution, World Scient.Publ.Comp.-M.Vaneechoutte cs eds 2011 Was Man more aquatic in the past? eBook Bentham Sci.Publ.-P.Rhys Evans cs eds 2013-2014 Human Evolution conference London May 2013 proceedings, special editions Hum.Evol.28 & 29.Unfortunately, this textbook virtually completely neglects these recent insights in ape and human evolution. A missed opportunity.

  • By Guest on April 2, 2017

    Book came and was beat up bent at the corners torn pages. It got the job done but definitely not going with this one again

  • By Guest on July 23, 2017

    E-book is more convenient. Just a text book for school

  • By Abel Rodriguez on November 28, 2008

    This is the best physical anthorpology text i have seen, it is engaging and very well organized, it deals with great skill and knowledge with typical issues for this scientific field, transfering the much needed information to college students. I recomend it wholeheartedly.

  • By Jennifer Cervantes on October 8, 2013

    the bad thing about renting books on amazon is that we can not highlight on the books and highlighting makes everything easier for me when study or reading.

  • By Katherin Camacho on February 15, 2014

    Used this book for my Anthropology 101 class, and most of my work was taken from there. Which made everything so easy.

  • By Carlos Arriola on May 22, 2016

    I loved this textbook, easy to follow and understand the text.


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